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NC Cooperative Extension Service_Conference Listening Session_11-6-13

NC Cooperative
Extension Service Announces Strategic Plan

The Cooperative Extension Service at NC State outlines its vision for restructuring over the next 22 months by targeting its strengths and improving access to services across the state.

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NC Cooperative Extension Service_Conference Listening Session_11-6-13

NC Cooperative
Extension Service Announces Strategic Plan

The Cooperative Extension Service at NC State outlines its vision for restructuring over the next 22 months by targeting its strengths and improving access to services across the state.

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Man mowing lawn in heat

How to Prevent Heat
Illness When Working Outdoors

OSHA has started a new campaign to help outdoor workers recognize the dangers of heat illness.  They are stressing; Water, Rest, and Shade are the keys to staying cool in this heat.  The site also contains educational resources employers can use to train employees, an explanation of the Heat Index, and how to plan workers schedules around the heat in a safe manor.  More information can be found on their website at http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/heatillness/index.html.

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NC Cooperative Extension Service

West Nile Virus in
North Carolina

Many of you probably saw or read reports about increased incidences of West Nile Virus across the U.S. with the notable exception of a few states including North Carolina.  However, Wayne County has reported a death attributed to West Nile Virus.  At this point, there are only a few details being provided about the person which is to be expected due to health records privacy laws.  However, the announcement from the Wayne County Health Director’s office (as reported by the Goldsboro News-Argus) described the victim as “elderly”. Only about 1% of people who become infected develop severe illness and many people may not become sick at all.  In cases of people who do develop symptoms (which takes 3-14 days), many of them may not attribute it to the virus until it becomes severe.  Among people that develop severe illness (i.e., excluding those individuals who exhibit minimal or no symptoms), the mortality rate ranges from about 3% to 15% with the rate being highest among the elderly (as likely the case mentioned above). West Nile Virus occurs far less frequently in people in North Carolina as compared to other nearby states and it is far less frequent here than other mosquito-borne diseases such as Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) and LaCrosse Encephalitis (LAC).  EEE is more common in eastern NC while LAC is found primarily in western NC.  Birds are the “amplifying hosts” for the virus which basically means that infected mosquitoes transmit the virus to birds which are in turn bitten by other mosquitoes which acquire the virus and spread it to even more birds.  Some mosquitoes species feed primarily on birds but the species that will readily feed on both birds and mammals are the ones that pose the risk of spreading the disease to people.  The mosquito species that transmit West Nile Virus tend to breed in wastewater collection areas and stagnating catch-basins.  You can also find them breeding where water collects after storms and begins to stagnate with the abundant organic matter present.  So, one obvious approach for residents is to make sure that they clear stagnating water sources on their property.  It doesn’t matter if this water is on a 1000 acre farm or on a 0.1 acre home lot, water that collects and stagnates has the potential to become a mosquito breeding site.  Across most of North Carolina, the Asian tiger mosquito remains our most common pest species and it will exploit similar pools of stagnating water on the ground and in man-made objects. As I mentioned a few weeks ago, substantial rainfall (as we have seen recently in many areas) is inevitably going to lead to a rise in mosquito activity and the first response by individuals should focus on disrupting those breeding pools rather than worrying about what to spray in their yard.   These were some of the particular points I mentioned previously, but they're worth noting again: - Bird baths - simply flush them out with a garden hose and you flush out the mosquito larvae in the process.  Plus, the birds will appreciate the fresh water.  For horse owners with water troughs near stalls or out in pastures, one option is to use a product such as "Mosquito Dunks" which contain the bacteria “Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis” which kills the mosquito larvae (not the adults). Although you can use them in outdoor water bowls for pets, it is far simpler (and better for your animals) if you “tip and toss” the water from the bowl and replenish it with fresh water *daily*. - Old cans, tires, etc. - empty them and get rid of them (legally, not simply tossed along the highway to become someone else’s problem). - Outdoor flower pots - empty the water from the dishes/trays underneath them. Your plants have plenty of water without the overflow. This also helps reduce fungus gnat problems in the plant soil. - Remove all of that built-up debris from your gutters.  The water and decaying material attract mosquitoes. - Rain barrels – if you collect water from your gutters or some other system, make sure the barrel is screened to keep out debris and mosquitoes - Tarps that cover your boat, grill, firewood, etc. also collect pockets of water that can remain for 1-2 weeks. - The bed of that '57 Ford pickup that you've been “restoring” for the last 25 years can collect water particularly if the tailgate faces uphill in your yard. - Kids' pools - if they're not being used by kids, they're probably being used by the mosquitoes (and maybe some toads) – empty them. The same thing applies to pools (in ground or above ground) that aren't maintained (e.g., pools on abandoned or foreclosed properties). - Drainage ditches - they're meant to collect storm water temporarily. Keep them free of debris so that water flows and has time to filter into the soil. - Decorative fish ponds can be a source of mosquitoes if they contain a lot of vegetation that provides hiding places for the mosquito larvae. “Mosquito Dunks” are an option here. - Tree holes - when limbs fall off trees, the remaining hole in the trunk can collect water. Flush that out or put a small piece of a mosquito dunk into it. Another critical matter – personal protection.    The majority of mosquito-borne disease incidences, whether they’re human or equine, are due to a lack of personal protection.  Horse owners need to spend the time and money to get their horses vaccinated against EEE.   For us two-legged creatures, we simply need to take precautions when we’re outdoors for work or recreation.  If it’s too uncomfortable to wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants, then cover all *exposed* areas of the skin with an insect  repellent (see http://insects.ncsu.edu/Urban/repellents.htm).  A few other important points about using repellents: - Do not put repellent on skin that will be covered by clothing. -  Children spend a lot of time outdoors, particularly when school is not in session.  The greater the amount of time spent outdoors can increase the likelihood of getting bitten by a mosquito (and potentially a higher likelihood of being bitten by an infected mosquito).  Before applying a repellent to a child, read the label carefully to make sure that it contains concentration appropriate for use on children. - When using repellents on children - you should apply the product to your hands and then rub it on their arms, legs, neck, etc.  If you allow your child to rub repellent on their arms and legs, they need to wash their hands immediately afterwards because they will inevitably forget and either rub their eyes or stick their fingers in their mouths. One other point that I mentioned a few weeks ago - mosquitoes have no concept of property lines.  They are simply out there looking for a blood meal whether it's you or your neighbor.  Mosquito "control" may be a matter of spraying chemicals to reduce the population below nuisance levels.  On the other hand, mosquito *management* is what is often needed.  It is a long-term proactive project that requires a community effort in order to succeed. We have information on mosquito control on the web at http://insects.ncsu.edu/Urban/mosquito.htm.

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NC Cooperative Extension Service

Control Pecan Weevil
NOW!

Exit holes and weevil larva. Picture from okstate website.[/caption] Pecan weevil is one of the biggest pests in pecans.  Most people don't notice it until it's too late.  When they collect the nuts off the ground only to find the inside has been eaten out.  The pecan weevil comes out of the ground and begins doing it's damage in August.  So, August is the time best time to control the pest before it eats the pecans on the tree.  To learn more about pecan weevil and how to control it, see the Yard Villain article in the August issue of The Gardener's Dirt .

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IMG_4074

Programs Offered in
Johnston County

The Johnston County office of North Carolina Cooperative Extension offers a diverse selection of programs to assist the citizens of Johnston County. This video describes many of the events and classes offered by agents, and includes testimonials from program participants. To view the video, please click here.

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NEWS View All

North Carolina Pest News – July 25, 2014 popular

NORTH CAROLINA COOPERATIVE EXTENSION SERVICE North Carolina State University * College of Agriculture & Life Sciences Dept. of Entomology * Box 7613 * Raleigh, NC 27695 NORTH  CAROLINA  PEST  NEWS Volume 29, Number MORE »

July/August Livestock News popular

News, articles and information related to livestock production. Download the Newsletter at the following following link. July Livestock MORE »

Changes to Farm Sales Tax Exemptions

Effective July 1, 2014 the NC General Statute that provides an exemption from sales and use tax for certain tangible property, digital property and services purchased by a qualifying farmer for farming purposes MORE »

North Carolina Pest News – July 3, 2014

NORTH CAROLINA COOPERATIVE EXTENSION SERVICE North Carolina State University * College of Agriculture & Life Sciences Dept. of Entomology * Box 7613 * Raleigh, NC 27695 NORTH CAROLINA PEST NEWS Volume 29, Number MORE »

Landscape Professional Field Day and NCNLA Tour

The 20114 Landscape Professionals Field Day and NCNLA Tour will be held on Friday, August 15th at the JC Raulston Arboretum and Horticultural Field Laboratory at 4415 Beryl Road, Raleigh, NC 27606.  Registrations MORE »

Turfgrass Field Day

The 2014 Turfgrass Field Day is scheduled for August 13th at the Lake Wheeler Road Field Lab at 3920 Dr. Bill Gilbert Way, Raleigh, NC 27603.  Registration is at 8:00 AM and the MORE »

Blackland Farm Managers Tour

The Blackland Farm Managers Tour will be held on August 6th at the Tidewater Research Station at 207 Research Station Road, Plymounth, NC.  Registration starts at 8:00 AM and the tour begins at MORE »

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EVENTS View All
Strawberry Pre-plant MeetingThu Aug 21, 2014 Today
6:00 PM - 8:00 PM Where:
165 Agriculture Drive, Kenansville, NC, United States
— 10 hours away
Jo Co Quilters LabMon Aug 25, 2014
10:00 AM - 7:00 PM Where:
Lab
— 4 days away
Asparagus and Rhubarb Twilight MeetingThu Aug 28, 2014
6:00 PM - 8:00 PM Where:
980 Flem Clayton Rd, Roxboro, NC 27574, USA
— 1 week away
ServSafeTue Sep 2, 2014
2:00 PM - 5:00 PM Where:
2736 NC-210, Smithfield, NC, United States
— 2 weeks away
ServSafeWed Sep 3, 2014
2:00 PM - 5:00 PM Where:
2736 NC-210, Smithfield, NC, United States
— 2 weeks away
ServSafeThu Sep 4, 2014
2:00 PM - 5:00 PM Where:
2736 NC-210, Smithfield, NC, United States
— 2 weeks away
State 4-H Council ConferenceSat Sep 6 - Sun Sep 7, 2014 - ALL DAY Where:
Raleigh
— 2 weeks away
JoCo QuiltersMon Sep 8, 2014
10:00 AM - 11:30 AM— 3 weeks away
More Events