Johnston County Ag Report

Johnston County Ag Report

February 2,  2016

 

The Johnston County Ag Report is edited weekly by Agricultural Extension Agents at the Johnston County Extension Center.  If you have any questions about the content, please call the Extension Center at 919-989-5380.

Contributors:

Tim Britton, Extension Agent – Field Crops

Dan Wells, Extension Agent – Livestock

Brandon Parker, Extension Agent – Commercial Horticulture

Bryant Spivey, County Extension Director

Marshall Warren, Extension Agent-Consumer Horticulture

Private Applicators Recertification/Safety Classes (2 hours V)

The North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service is inviting all private applicators

whose license expires in 2016 to attend one of four Private Applicator Pesticide Recertification/Safety classes. These two-hour classes will be held on the following dates:

                  Thursday, February 4, 2016 beginning at 6:30-8:30 PM

                   Tuesday, February 23, 2016 beginning at 3:00-5:00 PM

                   Thursday, September 8, 2016 beginning at 6:30-8:30 PM

The classes will be at the Johnston County Ag Center in Smithfield on NC 210 Hwy.   Applicators are reminded that licenses expire at the end of the year, but all recertification credits must be obtained before September 30th of the year the license expires. Applicators are asked to bring their Pesticide Credit Report Card with the bar code scan along with them to class.  Please call Tim Britton at 989-5380 to check credits.

 Soybean Production Meeting-February 23, 2016 12:00 PM (2 hours NODX)

The North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service is inviting all growers to attend the Soybean Production meeting on Tuesday, February 23, 2016 at 12:00 pm. The meeting will be at the Johnston County Ag Center Auditorium.  Soybean varieties, disease management and weed control will be discussed.  A sponsored meal will be served and continuing education credits will be offered for pesticide applicators and for Certified Crop Advisers.  Pre-registration is required for the meeting.  Please mark your calendar and call the Johnston County Extension Center at (919) 989-5380 to let us know that you are coming.

 Regional Peanut Production Meeting- February 12, 2016 12:00 PM (2 hours NODX)

 The North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service in Johnston, Wilson, Wayne, Harnett, and Greene counties are inviting all growers to attend the Regional Peanut Production meeting on Friday, February 12, 2016 at 12:00 PM. The meeting will be held at the West Farm at 1365 NC 222 East, Fremont, NC 27830.  This will be about 2 miles east of Fremont.  Peanut varieties, insect, disease management, and weed control will be discussed.  A sponsored meal will be served and continuing education credits will be offered for pesticide applicators.  Pre-registration is required for the meeting.  Please mark your calendar and call the Johnston County Extension Center at (919) 989-5380 to let us know that you are coming.

 Regional Cotton Production Meeting- February 18, 2016 6:00 PM (2 hours NODX)

 The North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service in Johnston, Sampson, Cumberland and Harnett counties are inviting all growers to attend the cotton production meeting on Thursday, February 18, 2016.  The meeting will be held at Sampson County Agricultural Expo Building, 414 Warsaw Rd in Clinton at 6:00 PM.  Cotton varieties and management, insect management and weed control will be discussed.  A sponsored meal will be served at the beginning of the meeting and continuing education credits will be offered for pesticide applicators and for Certified Crop Advisers.  Pre-registration is required for the meeting.  Please mark your calendar and call the Johnston County Extension Center at (919) 989-5380 to let us know that you are coming.

Regional Sweet Potato Production Meeting, February 11, 2016 (1 hour NODX)

The North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service is inviting all growers to attend the Sweet Potato Production meeting on Thursday, February 11, 2016 at 5:30 pm. The meeting will be at the Johnston County Ag Center Auditorium.  Disease and Insect issues, production practices, and storage issues will be discussed.  A sponsored meal will be served and continuing education credits will be offered for pesticide applicators and for Certified Crop Advisers.  Pre-registration is required for the meeting.  Please mark your calendar and call the Johnston County Extension Center at (919) 989-5380 to register.

Pesticide Exam Schedule-Johnston County

The North Carolina Pesticide exams will be offered on Wednesday, March 9th and Wednesday, August 10th at 1:00 PM at the Johnston County Ag Center.  To take the exam, bring valid ID (Drivers License) and calculator.  Please arrive by 12:30PM.

Interactive Pesticide Training-March 17, 2016 (2 hours, all except V)

The North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service in Johnston County is inviting all commercial and private applicators, dealers, consultants and public ground operators to attend an Interactive Pesticide Training class.  This two-hour class will be held at the Johnston County Livestock Arena on Thursday, March 17th.  The arena is located at 520 County Home Road, Smithfield, NC 27577.  The class will begin at 10:00 AM.  Please bring your Pesticide Credit Report Card with the barcode to this class.  Please call Tim Britton at 989-5380 for more information about the credits to be offered.

Cover Crop Field Day, April 5, 2016 8:00 AM (1 hour NODX)The North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service, NRCS, and Soil and Water in Johnston County are inviting all interested growers to attend a cover crop field day.  The field day will begin at 8:00 AM at the Johnston County Ag Center with a sponsored breakfast.  After breakfast, we will have a plot tour.  The plots are located at the corner of Elevation and Gardner Roads in Four Oaks. We will walk through plots, discussed the reasons for the trial and the benefits of cover crops. We will try to end the meeting no later than 10:30, but will stay around for questions.  Please call 919-989-5380 to register.The trial was planted on the corner of Elevation and Gardner Road in Four Oaks, with cooperator Dennis Durham.  The purposes were to: (1) establish possible dates that mixes could be planted in this area and still produce enough cover to prevent erosion, (2) determine the best mix for our area, and (3) look at the potential benefits of a legume and a bulb producing, high bio-mass plant like radishes or turnips.

Pesticide and Household Hazardous Waste Disposal Day-April 30, 2016

 Need to clean out the barn, the chemical storage building, pantry, or underneath the sink. On April 30, 2016, North Carolina Cooperative Extension in Partnership with Johnston County Solid Waste and the NCDA will hold a Pesticide and Household Hazardous Waste Disposal Day.  The event will take place at the Johnston County Livestock Arena at 520 County Home Road in Smithfield from 8:00 AM to 1:00 PM.  Acceptable items include old and unused pesticides, household cleaners, fluorescent (high TCLP mercury) lamps and bulbs from homeowners, and all types of household batteries i.e. Nickel-Cadmium, Lithium, Alkaline and Metal Hydride.  In addition, we will be accepting oil base paint only from the public, but not latex. Oil base paint has a volatile organic odor and can only be washed-off with solvent, such as mineral spirits or kerosene. Latex paint, however, will wash-off with water. If the label is still attached, it will indicate oil base vs. latex. Again, we will only be accepting oil base paint and aerosol paints. The latex paint is a non-hazardous household liquid that can be solidified with sand, soil or kitty litter and disposed of in the landfill.

Protecting Pollinators

Garden pests create stress not only for the plants but also for the growers.  They eat leaves, transmit viruses, cause flowers not to open, and in some cases can even cause plants to die.  The first thing many gardeners do at the sign of pests is spray.  Often, this reaction to garden pests causes more harm to the delicate environment than the pests cause to the plants.

Pollinators, such as honeybees, depend on flowers for the food they need to live.  As reported by news media for several years now, the honeybee population is rapidly declining.  Therefore, it is safe to assume that if honeybees are dropping off in number, so are other pollinators like bumble bees, butterflies, bats, and beetles (just to name a few).  While few people are monitoring the levels of these other pollinators, scientists and beekeepers all over the world are monitoring the honeybees.

To save our pollinators, we must take some precautions before spraying pesticides.  First, make sure to correctly identify the problem.  Is the pest really affecting the plant, and if so, is it really a problem?  Some beneficial insects look just like pest insects.  Secondly, assess the damage.  Do the pests really need to be controlled?  Are they eating leaves on the plant, but leaving the fruit alone?  What amount of damage is the insect causing, and is it enough to justify spraying in order to control them?  Thirdly, determine if there are some cultural control options.  Cultural controls include using traps, beneficial insects, handpicking insects off of plants, etc.

If you have evaluated the situation and spraying is your only option for control, please think before you spray.  Many pesticides can be extremely toxic to honeybees and other pollinators.  Pollinators are attracted to flowering plants.  Try to avoid spraying plants when they are in bloom.  If pests are negatively affecting plants that are in bloom, then treat the plants with pesticide in the evening hours when the bees are less active.  This will minimize pesticide exposure to many of the beneficial pollinators.

Pesticide application depends on how the chemical was formulated.  Dusts and wettable powders leave a highly toxic residue – a residue that is toxic to pests and pollinators.  These types of chemical formulations don’t target specific pests; they are non-selective killers.  Solutions and granular pesticides usually aim to target specific pest insects and are less likely to harm the beneficial insects.

The 2016 North Carolina Agricultural Chemical Manual lists the relative pesticide toxicity in regards to honeybees.  (http://ipm.ncsu.edu/agchem/5-toc.pdf)  When protecting plants from pests, consideration must be given to those insects, birds, and mammals that are providing pollination services.

USDA Local Foods Directory

USDA has developed a local food directory to help farmers who have a stand, store, or other direct-to-consumer retail outlet on the farm to be found more easily. USDA wants to raise awareness of this resource. Details can be found here:

http://UsdaLocalFoodDirectories.com

For questions, people can call: 202.690.1327 or send an email to directoryupdates@ams.usda.gov

 

Pesticide Container Rinse and Recycle Program

The pesticide container rinse and recycle program has expanded to two new locations, giving Johnston County more room to properly dispose of pesticide containers.

These sites are located at 820 Stewart Road in Four Oaks, 1096 Scout Road in the Bentonville area, 9349 NC Hwy 96 S in the Meadow area, 5677 US Hwy 301 in Kenly, 15031 Buffalo Road in Clayton, and at the Johnston County Landfill site on County Home Road in Smithfield.

Properly rinsed containers can be taken to these sites during normal operating hours.  You do not need a county solid waste sticker to dispose of containers.  Remember, to remove the label and lid, on buckets, remove the label and large lid, and on 35 and 55 gallon drums, drill holes in bottom and do not crush.

Disclaimer: Recommendations are included as a convenience to the reader. The use of brand names and any mention or listing of commercial products or services does not imply endorsement by North Carolina State University nor discrimination against similar products or services not mentioned.

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